Machine Learning From Scratch--从零开始机器学习

原文链接:https://github.com/eriklindernoren/ML-From-Scratch 

Machine Learning From Scratch


 

从零开始机器学习

关于

本项目是用Python实现的一些基本的机器学习模型和算法。

该项目的目的不是尽可能优化和计算高效的算法,而是以透明和可访问的方式呈现它们的内部工作。

目录

安装

$ git clone https://github.com/eriklindernoren/ML-From-Scratch
$ cd ML-From-Scratch
$ python setup.py install

例子

多项式回归

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/polynomial_regression.py

图:正则多项式回归模型拟合的训练进度
     数据来自2016年瑞典林雪平测得的温度数据。

CNN分类

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/convolutional_neural_network.py

+---------+
| ConvNet |
+---------+
Input Shape: (1, 8, 8)
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
| Layer Type           | Parameters | Output Shape |
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
| Conv2D               | 160        | (16, 8, 8)   |
| Activation (ReLU)    | 0          | (16, 8, 8)   |
| Dropout              | 0          | (16, 8, 8)   |
| BatchNormalization   | 2048       | (16, 8, 8)   |
| Conv2D               | 4640       | (32, 8, 8)   |
| Activation (ReLU)    | 0          | (32, 8, 8)   |
| Dropout              | 0          | (32, 8, 8)   |
| BatchNormalization   | 4096       | (32, 8, 8)   |
| Flatten              | 0          | (2048,)      |
| Dense                | 524544     | (256,)       |
| Activation (ReLU)    | 0          | (256,)       |
| Dropout              | 0          | (256,)       |
| BatchNormalization   | 512        | (256,)       |
| Dense                | 2570       | (10,)        |
| Activation (Softmax) | 0          | (10,)        |
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
Total Parameters: 538570

Training: 100% [------------------------------------------------------------------------] Time: 0:01:55
Accuracy: 0.987465181058

图:使用 CNN 对数字数据集进行分类。

基于密度的聚类

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/dbscan.py

图:使用DBSCAN的卫星数据集聚类。

生成手写数字

$ python mlfromscratch/unsupervised_learning/generative_adversarial_network.py

+-----------+
| Generator |
+-----------+
Input Shape: (100,)
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
| Layer Type             | Parameters | Output Shape |
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
| Dense                  | 25856      | (256,)       |
| Activation (LeakyReLU) | 0          | (256,)       |
| BatchNormalization     | 512        | (256,)       |
| Dense                  | 131584     | (512,)       |
| Activation (LeakyReLU) | 0          | (512,)       |
| BatchNormalization     | 1024       | (512,)       |
| Dense                  | 525312     | (1024,)      |
| Activation (LeakyReLU) | 0          | (1024,)      |
| BatchNormalization     | 2048       | (1024,)      |
| Dense                  | 803600     | (784,)       |
| Activation (TanH)      | 0          | (784,)       |
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
Total Parameters: 1489936

+---------------+
| Discriminator |
+---------------+
Input Shape: (784,)
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
| Layer Type             | Parameters | Output Shape |
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
| Dense                  | 401920     | (512,)       |
| Activation (LeakyReLU) | 0          | (512,)       |
| Dropout                | 0          | (512,)       |
| Dense                  | 131328     | (256,)       |
| Activation (LeakyReLU) | 0          | (256,)       |
| Dropout                | 0          | (256,)       |
| Dense                  | 514        | (2,)         |
| Activation (Softmax)   | 0          | (2,)         |
+------------------------+------------+--------------+
Total Parameters: 533762

图:生成手写数字的生成性对抗性网络的训练进度。

深度强化学习

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/deep_q_network.py

+----------------+
| Deep Q-Network |
+----------------+
Input Shape: (4,)
+-------------------+------------+--------------+
| Layer Type        | Parameters | Output Shape |
+-------------------+------------+--------------+
| Dense             | 320        | (64,)        |
| Activation (ReLU) | 0          | (64,)        |
| Dense             | 130        | (2,)         |
+-------------------+------------+--------------+
Total Parameters: 450

图:OpenAI健身房中对CartPole-v1环境的深度Q网络解决方案。

使用RBM进行图形重建

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/restricted_boltzmann_machine.py

图:显示了在训练过程中网络如何在重建MNIST数据集中的数字2时变得更好。

进化神经网络

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/neuroevolution.py

+---------------+
| Model Summary |
+---------------+
Input Shape: (64,)
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
| Layer Type           | Parameters | Output Shape |
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
| Dense                | 1040       | (16,)        |
| Activation (ReLU)    | 0          | (16,)        |
| Dense                | 170        | (10,)        |
| Activation (Softmax) | 0          | (10,)        |
+----------------------+------------+--------------+
Total Parameters: 1210

Population Size: 100
Generations: 3000
Mutation Rate: 0.01

[0 Best Individual - Fitness: 3.08301, Accuracy: 10.5%]
[1 Best Individual - Fitness: 3.08746, Accuracy: 12.0%]
...
[2999 Best Individual - Fitness: 94.08513, Accuracy: 98.5%]
Test set accuracy: 96.7%

图:通过进化神经网络对数字数据集进行分类。

遗传算法

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/genetic_algorithm.py

+--------+
|   GA   |
+--------+
Description: Implementation of a Genetic Algorithm which aims to produce
the user specified target string. This implementation calculates each
candidate's fitness based on the alphabetical distance between the candidate
and the target. A candidate is selected as a parent with probabilities proportional
to the candidate's fitness. Reproduction is implemented as a single-point
crossover between pairs of parents. Mutation is done by randomly assigning
new characters with uniform probability.

Parameters
----------
Target String: 'Genetic Algorithm'
Population Size: 100
Mutation Rate: 0.05

[0 Closest Candidate: 'CJqlJguPlqzvpoJmb', Fitness: 0.00]
[1 Closest Candidate: 'MCxZxdr nlfiwwGEk', Fitness: 0.01]
[2 Closest Candidate: 'MCxZxdm nlfiwwGcx', Fitness: 0.01]
[3 Closest Candidate: 'SmdsAklMHn kBIwKn', Fitness: 0.01]
[4 Closest Candidate: '  lotneaJOasWfu Z', Fitness: 0.01]
...
[292 Closest Candidate: 'GeneticaAlgorithm', Fitness: 1.00]
[293 Closest Candidate: 'GeneticaAlgorithm', Fitness: 1.00]
[294 Answer: 'Genetic Algorithm']

关联分析 

$ python mlfromscratch/examples/apriori.py
+-------------+
|   Apriori   |
+-------------+
Minimum Support: 0.25
Minimum Confidence: 0.8
Transactions:
    [1, 2, 3, 4]
    [1, 2, 4]
    [1, 2]
    [2, 3, 4]
    [2, 3]
    [3, 4]
    [2, 4]
Frequent Itemsets:
    [1, 2, 3, 4, [1, 2], [1, 4], [2, 3], [2, 4], [3, 4], [1, 2, 4], [2, 3, 4]]
Rules:
    1 -> 2 (support: 0.43, confidence: 1.0)
    4 -> 2 (support: 0.57, confidence: 0.8)
    [1, 4] -> 2 (support: 0.29, confidence: 1.0)

实现 

监督学习

无监督学习

强化学习

深度学习

联系

如果您希望在此处看到一些实现,或者您只是想社交,可以随时给我发送电子邮件或在LinkedIn上与我联系。


看到这里了,那么Machine Learning From Scratch,和Scratch(儿童编程)到底有啥关系呢?

答案是没有关系... ...

from scratch是从零开始的意思... ...

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